Brassica oleracea (45-60 days) F-1 hybrid. Also known as Chinese Broccoli, Chinese Kale, Guy Lon or Gai Lan. Grown for its succulent stalks and leaves, it sends up tender 8" shoots topped with elegant little loose florets. Once the main stalk is cut, it coppices into many secondary shoots. The stems are snappy and a little spicy, excellent lightly steamed or stir-fried. Heat and cold tolerant, thrives in a wide range of climates and can be planted in late spring, late summer or early fall. Buds open to pretty four-petaled white blossoms. Catalog editor Elisabeth direct-seeded hers in spring under row cover and was harvesting florets through October—some for the skillet and some for summer flower bouquets. 160 seeds/g. Cold-hardy. ⑤
3204 White-Flowered Kailaan
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All open-pollinated except where noted.
Days to maturity are from emergence after sowing; from transplant, subtract 20 days.
Culture: Wire hoops and row cover keep out flea beetles and are a must for pristine salad or braising mixes!
ALTS: Alternaria Leaf Spot
BL: Black Leg
BSR: Bacterial Soft Rot
DM: Downy Mildew
Major pests: Cabbage Looper, Diamondback Moth, Imported Cabbageworm Cultural controls: control cabbage-family weeds near crop fields, till under crop debris of early-season brassicas after harvest. Material controls: Spinosad, Bt.
Pest: Flea Beetle Cultural controls: floating row covers, mulch with straw, time plantings for fall harvested crops only, crop rotation, perimeter trap cropping. Material controls: Spinosad, Pyganic.
Pest: Cabbage Root Maggot Cultural controls: time planting to avoid first hatching, use row covers, control weeds.
Major diseases: Black Rot, Alternaria Leaf Spot, Blackleg, Club Root, Downy Milldew, White Mold Cultural controls: avoid transplanting plants with yellow leaves or v-shaped lesions, crop rotation, destroy crop debris after harvest, avoid overhead irrigation, control weeds, allow for good air movement. Material controls: Copper.
Note: because of a rule issued by Oregon, we cannot ship brassica packets larger than ½ oz. (14 grams) into the Willamette Valley, except those that have tested negative for Black Leg and Black Rot. Check descriptions for information.
For the latest results of our germination tests, please see the germination page.