Thuja occidentalis20-60' Also called Arborvitae, which means ‘tree of life.’ Common throughout the entire state of Maine although some stands have been depleted by overcutting.
Narrow and tall with twiggy branches, soft fibrous orange-brown bark, and flat foliage unlike that of any other conifer. Foliage and bark tea is high in vitamin C and helps fight infections. Twig decoction makes an antiviral antifungal skin wash. Valuable light fragrant wood, the standard for fence posts and log cabins in Maine.
Slow growing, lives up to 400 years.
Good for screens and hedges. A favorite browse of deer. Pruning limbs and leaving them on the ground during a harsh winter helps sustain these animals and is a long-practiced tradition in the forests of Maine. Thrives in rich moist marshy neutral-to-alkaline soils. Z2. (8-14" bare-root transplants)
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Evergreens tolerate a wide range of soil conditions, but prefer a pH between 5.5–6.5. Young conifers need ¾–1" of rain per week. Periodic deep waterings are far more beneficial than frequent sprinklings. No fertilization is necessary in the first year.