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VEGETABLE PLANTING GUIDE
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Vegetable
Catalog # range
avg.
sds/oz
sds/100'
Pkt
plants
distance
apart
thin to
row
spacing
seed
depth
min soil temp °F
ideal soil
temp
hardiness
planting
dates
Artichoke 3608
180
T
10 pl
3'
No
2'
1/2"
60
65-85
MH
tp late
Arugula 3020-29
13000
3g
60'
1"
4"
18"
1/4"
50
65-85
MH
May 1/Aug 1
Asian Greens, assorted 3200-23
5000-10000
varies
1/4"
50
65-85
MH
early May
Basil 4414-4470
18000
5g
10-80'
1/2"
4"
18"
1/4"
65
70-85
VT
June 1
Bean, Bush, Dry 200-79,326-90
90
8 oz
25'
3-4"
No
2-3'
1"
60
60-80
T
late May
Bean, Fava 298
17
1#
12'
3-4"
No
2-3'
1"
50
40-75
H
ASAP
Bean, Lima 323-325
65
1#
40-60'
4-6"
No
3'
1"
60
70-85
VT
late May
Bean, Pole 280-97,318,322-5,371
65
6 oz
10 pl/oz
6/pole
3/pole
3-4'
1"
60
60-80
T
late May
Bean, Soy 480-99
80
5 oz
10'
3"
No
3'
1"
60
70-90
T
June 1
Beet 2100-99
2200
5/8 oz
20'
1"
2-4"
12-18"
1/2"
40
60-85
H
Apr-July
Broccoli 3300-29
7000
5g
.5g=10'
1"
24-30"
30"
1/4"
50
65-85
MH
tp May/June
Brussels Sprouts 3330-49
5000
5g
.5g=10'
1"
24-30"
24-30"
1/4"
50
65-85
H
tp May/June
Cabbage 3350-99
7500
5g
.5g=10'
1"
24-30"
24-30"
1/4"
40
55-95
MH
tp May/June
Carrot 2000-99
18000
10g
1/8oz=35'
1/4"-1/2"
1"
16-24"
1/2"
40
60-85
H
Apr-July
Cauliflower 3400-40
8000
4g
.5g=12'
1"
30"
30-36"
1/4"
40
55-80
MH
tp May/June
Celery/Celeriac 3610-49
75000
T
500
8"
No
2-3'
1/8"
40
59-70*
T
tp June 1
Chard 3030-42
800-2000
11/2 oz
5-13'
1"
3-6"
18-24"
1/2"
40
50-85
H
ASAP
Chicory 3046-48
18000
T
300 pl
1'
No
2'
1/8"
50
60-85
H
tp late June
Chinese Cabbage 3224-25
9500
1/4 oz
25'
1/2"
12-18"
24-30"
1/4"
50
70-95
MH
late May
Corn, OP 500-699
100
4 oz
50'
3"
1'
3'
1"
50
60-95
T
late May
Corn, hybrid 500-699
155
4 oz
50'
3"
1'
3'
1"
50
60-95
T
late May
Cress 3050-58
9000
3g
50-70'
1/2"
1-2"
18"
1/4"
50
65-85
MH
May 1
Cucumber 1200-1399
1000
1/2 oz
11'
2"
4"
3-4'
1/2"
60
65-95
VT
June 1
Eggplant 3650-91
6000
T
40 pl
20-30"
No
30-36"
1/4"
60
75-90*
VT
tp early Jun
Endive 3060-92
18000
5g
40'
1"
8"
18-24"
1/4"
50
60-85
H
Apr-July
Gourds, large 1960-99
175
T
20 pl
6/hill
2-3/hill
6'
1/2"
60
70-90
T
tp early Jun
Gourds, small 1900-59
500
1/5 oz
10 hills
6/hill
3/hill
4-6'
1/2"
60
70-90
T
late May
Kale/Collards 3441-69
7500
5g
40'
1"
12"
2'
1/4"
50
65-85
VH
ASAP-July
Kohlrabi 3470-79
8500
4g
50'
1"
24"
24"
1/4"
50
65-85
MH
tp May/June
Leek 2400-29
10000
T
600 pl
8"
No
2'
1/2"
50
60-70
MH
tp May 1
Lettuce 2700-2999
25000
4g
1g=25'
1/3"
1'
12-18"
1/8"
35
40-80
H
ASAP-Aug
Mâche 3100-19
18000
1/4 oz
30'
1/2"
2"
18"
1/4"
48
50-68
VH
ASAP-Aug
Melon 900-49,1000-99
1200
T
14-20 hills
3/pot
2/hill
5'
1/2"
60
75-95
VT
tp early Jun
Mustard 3228-59
15600
1/8 oz
40'
1"
4-6"
2'
1/4"
50
65-85
MH
Apr-Aug
Okra 3695-99
420
T
30 pl
12"
No
2-3'
1/4"
60
70-90
VT
tp early Jun
Onion/shallots 2440-99
7000
T
450 pl
4"
No
12-18"
1/2"
50
60-70
MH
tp May 1
Pac Choy 3260-73
12500
1/4 oz
30'
1/2"
6-12"
2'
1/4"
50
70-95
MH
May
Parsley 3155-79
18000
1/4 oz
25'
1/4"
1"
12-18"
1/4"
40
50-80
VH
Apr-Aug
Parsnip 2305-10
5000
1/2 oz
25'
1/2"
2-3"
12-18"
1/2"
52
60-77
VH
Apr-July
Pea 700-899
110
8 oz
25'
11/2"
No
3-5'
3/4"
40
50-75
plants H
ASAP
Pea for fall crop 700-899
110
8 oz
25'
11/2"
No
3-5'
3/4"
40 50-75 blossoms,pods T
July
Pepper 3700-3999
4500
T
10-50 pl
12-18"
No
2-3'
1/4"
60
68-95
VT
tp early Jun
Pumpkin 1700-99
100-280
1/2-1oz
3-8 hills
5/hill
3/hill
6'
1"
60
70-90
T
late May
Radicchio 3186-91
varies
1/2 oz
30'
1"
8-10"
18"
1/8"
50
60-85
H
late June
Radish 2200-99
2500
1 oz
12'
1/2"
2"
18"
1/2"
40
55-85
H
Apr-Aug
Rutabaga/Turnip 2350-99
9000
1/3 oz
40'
1/2"
3-6"
18"
1/4"
40
60-95
H
Apr-July
Salsify/Scorzonera 2318-22
2000
5/8 oz
20'
1"
2"
18"
1/2"
50
65-85
H
Apr-Jun
Scallion 2439
9200
1/4 oz
15-25'
1/2"
1-2"
12-18"
1/2"
50
65-85
MH
ASAP-Aug
Spinach 2500-99
1400-2600
1/2 oz
40'
1"
2"
12-18"
1/2"
35
45-65
VH
ASAP
Spinach, fall crop 2500-99
1400-2600
1/2 oz
40'
1"
2"
12-18"
1/2"
35
45-65
VH
Aug
Squash, patty pan 1577-90
300
5/8 oz
5-8 hills
5/hill
2-3/hill
4'
1"
60
70-90
T
late May
Squash, winter 1600-99
120-440
1/2-2 oz
3-15 hills
5/hill
3/hill
4-6'
1"
60
70-90
T
late May
Squash, summer 1400-1599
320
1/2 oz
5-8 hills
5/hill
2-3/hill
4'
1"
60
70-90
T
late May
Tomato 4000-4299
9000
T
50-125pl
3'
No
3'
1/4"
50
60-85
T
tp June 1-10
Watermelon 950-99,1100-99
600
T
7-14 hills
3/pot
2/hill
5'
1/2"
60
75-95
VT
tp early Jun
Zucchini 1400-79
180
1 oz
4-6 hills
5/hill
2-3/hill
4'
1"
60
70-90
T
late May

Abbreviations
      Pkt plants=how many row feet or hills our smallest packet will plant
      T=transplanted only, in our climate.
      tp=transplant
      pl=plants
      g=grams (28.4g=1oz.)
      No=not necessary to thin
* Celery and some varieties of eggplant require fluctuating day and night temperatures for good germination.

Hardiness rating
      VT=very tender: will not survive frost, can be damaged by temperatures under 40°
     T=tender: will not survive frost
     MH=moderately hardy: survives light frosts
     H=hardy: survives frost generally to the low twenties
     VH=very hardy: will winter over if protected

Approximate planting date
     ASAP=as soon as ground can be worked, does not thrive in heat
Approximate planting dates are for our Central Maine climate. Please make appropriate adjustments for your climate, using hardiness as a guide.

Notes
Seed counts are provided as a guide, not a guarantee. They vary from cultivar to cultivar. Planting rates will vary if intensive methods such as beds are used. Minimum soil temperatures are the lowest that will permit any germination. Expect slow spotty germination if you plant below or above the ideal range. For a good stand and quickest emergence plant as close to the middle of the ideal range as possible. If you have specific cultural questions, consult more detailed resources or get in touch with us.

A few seeds with unusually thick or hard coatings may benefit from scarification just before sowing. This is accomplished by nicking them with a knife, a pinpoint or lightly scratching them with sandpaper.
Some seeds need to be stratified before sowing. This tricks the seed by thinking it has gone through winter followed by the gradual warm-up of spring. It is accomplished by first moistening and then chilling the seed for a specified period of time.


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